The establishment of MKB 1./505 Jul at Julneset outside of Molde, was started as early as the beginning of may 1940, only one month after the invasion of Norway. To begin with, it was equipped with 3×10.5cm Uto c/16 L/45 canons with a range of 15400 meters. These came from the German vessel «Albatros» which ran aground in the Oslo fjord during the invasion and was later declared unsalvageable. In 1943 the battery was reinforced with an extra canon in addition to the 3 it already had from «Albatros».
The battery was also equipped with 13×20 mm AA-guns and 2×7.5 cm Belgian field guns in addition to a number of machine guns, flame throwers and flood lights.
Just 1 km north of Julneset lies Julholmen where the Germans built a torpedo battery, “Torpedobatterie Julholmen”. This battery was initially equipped with a Norwegian torpedo canon with 2x45cm torpedo tubes. In 1944 this torpedo canon was replaced with a German one, having 2x52cm torpedo tubes.
The battery at Julneset, now a nature reserve, shows clear signs of being easily accessible, with quite a lot of graffiti and other vandalism so I didn’t spend much time here, but it’s well worth a visit, not the least due to it’s unique command bunker.
The torpedo battery at Julholmen is not quite as easily accessible and what little remains inside it is in surprisingly good shape with little rust etc. Although it’s a 1-2km walk from the road through quite dense forest, there is a path leading most of the way out to the battery, if you can find it (which I didn’t on the way out, thus spending twice the time getting out there as was strictly necessary). The building looks massive from the outside, yet is surprisingly small on the inside. A reasonable explanation for this, is probably the 2 meter walls of reinforced concrete.